Since the dawn of history, Egyptian civilization has spread constantly in the African continent. Egypt played the role of the linking chain between the African cultures and the Arab, Asian and European cultures. Africa is and will always remain a priority on the agenda of the Egyptian foreign policy.
The Egyptian Fund for Technical Cooperation with Africa (EFTCA) was established within the framework of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by virtue of the Presidential decree no. 620 on December 16th, 1980 modified by the presidential decree no. 49 on January 21st. 1988 to provide technical cooperation to the African countries with a view to developing their human resources.
Hence the importance of the Egyptian Fund for Technical Cooperation with Africa lies in the fact that it is the principal tool for consolidating and supporting Egyptian-African cooperation taking into consideration the priorities and special needs of the African countries. The role of the Fund is pivotal in the implementation of the Egyptian foreign policy towards Africa. This policy emanates primarily from its faith in its African affiliation, and its full realization of its responsibilities towards brotherly African Countries. The role Egypt is playing derives from the fact that it possesses human and economic assets and resources that could enable it to shoudler this responsibility and lay this role successfully.
During the past two decades the Egyptian Fund for Technical Cooperation for Africa witnessed large strides and leaps in its performance and activities, in quantity, in conformity with all the changes and developments which took place on both the international and regional arenas.
The activities of the Fund aim mainly at consolidating bilateral relations through the dispatch of Egyptian experts who transfer technical assistance, the organization of training courses in the different specialization, and the offer of emergency human and medical assistance to countries afflicted by natural disasters. Moreover, the Fund covered more and more new areas of technical cooperation with donor countries and organizations. In the last couple of years, the Fund has started to widen its scope of activities by establishing joint farms in some African countries upon their request and responding to urgent needs such as dispatching medical convoys for the treatment of some endemic diseases, or providing advanced equipment in the field of information technology. These and other programs were performed by the Fund as new aspects of the technical assistance necessary for developing the African capabilities and achieving sustainable economic and social development for African Governments.